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Residential Inspections

 Required Inspections for Residential Building, Mechanical and Electrical Permits

By performing mandatory inspections, DPS can help in complying with the provisions of the legislation. The Residential Inspection Timing Checklist is helpful in scheduling the inspections for the project. FOR ALL INSPECTIONS, A SET OF APPROVED PLANS STAMPED BY MONTGOMERY COUNTY DPS MUST BE ON THE JOB SITE FOR INSPECTOR’S REVIEW. Montgomery County residential inspectors are cross trained in building, mechanical and electrical inspections, therefore the close-in and final building, electrical, and mechanical must be combined; be certain to include all of your permits when scheduling these inspections. If all trades are not ready, the inspector will disapprove the scheduled inspections. For instructions on scheduling or canceling your inspection, click HERE.

When scheduling inspections by phone please refer to the following table and use the applicable three digit inspection code. A full description of these codes can be found below.

BUILDING ELECTRICAL MECHANICAL
555 - SIGN  104 - CLOSE-IN/CONCEALMENT  008 - CLOSE-IN/CONCEALMENT
001- FOOTINGS  101 - HEAVY-UP  251 - FINAL
402 - REBAR, DEADMAN, GEOGRID PLACEMENT  102 - TEMPORARY PENDING FINAL (TPF)  
002 - FOUNDATION/WATERPROOFING OR BACKFILL  103 - TEMPORARY FOR CONSTRUCTION (T4C) [Pole Service]  
011 - CONCRETE SLAB-ON-GROUND FLOOR  109 - SWIMMING POOL BONDING  
003 - WALL CHECK (House Location Survey)  251 - FINAL  
006 - MASONRY FIREPLACE/CHIMNEY    
042 - WALL BRACING    
004 - FRAMING [OR] 041 (CLOSE-IN)    
043 - INSULATION    
012 - SWIMMING POOL BONDING    
251 - FINAL    

Inspection Details

Building

Some of the following building inspections, as indicated on the Notice of Required Residential Building Inspections attached to the approved plans, must be performed for all issued building permits:

555 - SIGN - The Building Permit Notice must be posted on the property within 3 days after the permit has been issued and must remain posted on the property for at least 30 days. This sign must be located on the side of the lot/parcel, which provides principal access to the street or right-of-way. It must be conspicuously posted not more than 5 feet from the front property line and mounted at least 30 inches, but not more than 60 inches, above the ground (instructions are on the back of the sign). A sign inspection will be automatically scheduled three business days following the issuance of the permit.  NO BUILDING INSPECTION WILL BE PERFORMED PRIOR TO THE APPROVAL OF THIS INSPECTION. If the first sign inspection has failed you must reschedule the sign inspection before scheduling any other inspections.

001(1) - FOOTINGS –Conducted prior to concrete placement and after excavation for wall footings, retaining wall footing (sometimes), column/pier footings, or thickened slabs have been completed; after grade stakes, reinforcing steel, concrete-encased electrode (for new homes) are in place; and after sediment control measures are installed according to the approved sediment control plans.

402 - REBAR, DEADMAN, GEOGRID PLACEMENT – Conducted prior to pouring/backfilling retaining walls.

002(1) - FOUNDATION/PARGING OR BACKFILL – Conducted after walls have been waterproofed and exterior foundation drainage system has been installed. Insulation, if used, shall be in place and protected as required. If interior drain tiles are to be used, weep holes (2 in. minimum diameter, 6 feet on center) must be installed. A second inspection may be required prior to backfilling the interior drainage system.

011(1) - CONCRETE SLAB-ON-GROUND FLOOR – After the installation of the slab base, vapor retarder, slab edge insulation, and a minimum 3 in. schedule 40 PVC, or equivalent gas tight pipe inserted into a 3 in. tee embedded into the slab base for the venting of RADON GAS and labeled adequately. Where the sump crock is to be used for the venting of RADON GAS, it must be in place at the time of the inspection. Additions to an existing building that has the final inspection older than a year does not require a radon control system.

003(2) - WALL CHECK (House Location Survey) – Required at foundation completion prior to framing installation. This inspection is not performed by a county inspector. A wall check will not be accepted unless the permit number and premise address identify it.

006 - MASONRY FIREPLACE/CHIMNEY – Conducted after the chimney/fireplace and the first flue liner has been installed.

042 - WALL BRACING – Conducted prior to installation of weather-resistive barrier (house wrap).

004 - FRAMING [OR] 041(3) (CLOSE-IN) – Conducted after the completion of all framing, air sealing, rough wiring, fire sprinkler system installation and testing(4) , plumbing and mechanical distribution systems (as required) but prior to installing exterior finish, insulation and drywall. Roof is to be completed and weatherproof. The exterior finish is not to be installed until framing (close-in) has been approved. When plumbing work is part of the construction, a Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC) plumbing inspection must be approved before requesting a framing inspection. WHEN FLOOR FRAMING IS LESS THAN 36 IN. ABOVE THE SURFACE BELOW, A FRAMING INSPECTION MUST BE REQUESTED PRIOR TO INSTALLATION OF ANY FLOOR MATERIALS.

043 - INSULATION – Conducted after the FRAMING (close-in) inspection has been approved.

012 - SWIMMING POOL BONDING – Conducted when the pool has been formed with the rebar installed and bonded prior to placement of concrete or backfill. During construction pool excavations must be completely enclosed by a 42 in. high safety fence AT ALL TIMES when work is not being performed in the pool.

251 - FINAL – Conducted after building (or portion thereof) is completed and ready for occupancy. Before requesting the final inspection, the fire sprinkler system must be approved(5) , all conditions of well and septic permits, if any, must be satisfied and WSSC approved final inspection for plumbing/gas installations must be obtained. The address numbers must be displayed in accordance with the requirements of the fire code. If an owner refuses access within a reasonable time after the house is completed, the building official may close the permit file, but this action will not relieve the owner from any obligation to comply with applicable building codes. For new construction, to allow the purchaser to go to settlement before the final inspection is completed, the home owner must provide a signed copy of the Final Inspection Waiver to the Department of Permitting Services. However, the final inspection must be requested and approved before building (or portion thereof) is used and occupied.

FRAMING (CLOSE-IN) and FINAL building inspections must be requested at the same time with electrical and mechanical inspections under the relevant Electrical and Mechanical Permits, if any of these permits is required. If all inspections are not properly requested, the inspector will disapprove the scheduled inspections.

For more information on scheduling inspections, please review the Residential Inspections Timing Checklist.

(1) A licensed design professional enrolled in the Montgomery County Inspectors Certification Program may carry out the inspection

(2) Owner must have a house location survey prepared and certified by a Maryland Registered Land Surveyor or a Registered Professional Engineer (where the property lines and corners are already existing and determined on the ground) and must furnish a copy to the Zoning Enforcement Section for approval before any further inspections may be scheduled. For questions about wall checks please call 311.

(3) For construction of new single-family dwellings and townhouses only.

(4) Inspections must be arranged through the Department of Fire and Rescue Services, 240-777-2457, between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Monday-Friday. A hydro test must be approved prior to scheduling the framing (close-in) inspection.

(5) The final sprinkler inspection must be approved prior to scheduling the final building inspection.

Mechanical

008 - CLOSE-IN/CONCEALMENT - Conducted once all the HVAC ductwork is installed and sealed, kitchen and bathroom vents installed, dryer vent installed and any other appliance vents are installed. Air handler and appliances need not be installed at this time. Mechanical close-in shall be scheduled along with the building and electrical framing/close-in inspection. Proof of WSSC close-in approval (when applicable) must be presented to the inspector. When any new ductwork or distribution equipment is located outside of the building thermal envelope, a duct pressure test shall be performed and certified. The Duct Sealing Certification Report shall be given to the inspector prior to the issuance of Use and Occupancy.

251 - FINAL - Conducted after all equipment is fully installed and tested. WSSC final approval required (when applicable) prior to this inspection. All equipment user manuals shall be on site.

Electrical

104 - CLOSE-IN/CONCEALMENT - Conducted after all rough wiring has been installed. All wiring must be dressed and all grounds made. No devices or fixures are to be installed and all wiring must NOT BE ENERGIZED.

101 - HEAVY-UP - Conducted after all wiring, panels, grounding and related distribution equipment and devices are installed. A heavy-up inspection can be scheduled alone or in combination with a close-in inspection as appropriate. The appropriate power company will be contacted by DPS following inspection approval.

102 - TEMPORARY PENDING FINAL (TPF) - For new construction. Conducted after the building is erected and weatherproofed. Service entrance cables installed, distribution panel installed with all required grounding and bonding completed. The appropriate power company will be contacted by DPS following inspection approval. This will permit the house to be energized prior to completion.

103 - TEMPORARY FOR CONSTRUCTION (T4C) [Pole Service] - Conducted after the installation of the support pole, meter socket, panel, ground and breaker. This is to allow a reliable power source on site for construction. The appropriate power company will be contacted by DPS following inspection approval.

109 - SWIMMING POOL BONDING - This inspection is typically performed along with code 012 (pool bonding-building permit) after all forming steel is in place, ladder and diving board cups have been installed and light niches are in place and all elements are bonded.

251 - FINAL - Conducted after all wiring, fixtures and devices have been installed and tested but prior to occupancy of the building. There shall be no exposed wire terminations and all required devices and fixtures for lighting and supply must be installed and working.

Required Residential Deck Inspections

Some of the following DECK INSPECTION(S) must be performed for all issued deck permits.

001(1) - FOOTING –Conducted prior to concrete placement and after excavation for column/pier footings, or thickened slabs have been completed; and after grade stakes, reinforcing steel.

004 - FRAMING – Conducted after the completion of all framing, and rough wiring, if required. When floor framing is less than 36 in. above the surface below, a framing inspection must be requested prior to installation of any DECKING materials.

251 - FINAL – Conducted after the deck (or portion thereof) is completed and ready for occupancy. Before requesting the final inspection, all conditions of well and septic permits, if any, must be satisfied. The address numbers must be displayed in accordance with the requirements of the fire code. The final inspection must be requested and approved before the deck (or portion thereof) is used and occupied.

FRAMING and FINAL deck inspections must be requested at the same time with electrical inspection under the relevant Electrical Permit, if any is required. If all inspections are not properly requested, the inspector will disapprove the scheduled inspections.

(1) A licensed design professional enrolled in the Montgomery County Inspectors Certification Program may carry out the inspection.

Partial Occupancy of an Unfinished Building

Before any part of an unfinished building can be occupied, the structure must meet all minimum standards and present no threat to the health and safety of its occupants and pass final inspection approval. If settlement must be completed before the building is ready to occupy a Final Inspection Waiver can be signed by the owner.

What is a financial Inspection Waiver?

A Final Inspection Waiver is an affidavit, signed by the new home purchaser, acknowledging the final building, electrical, and/or mechanical inspections have not been performed prior to settlement, and that the building (or portion thereof) may not be occupied prior to an approved final inspection.

The purposes of the waiver are:

  • To allow the purchaser to go to settlement before the final inspection is completed
  • To notify the purchaser that he/she is responsible to make the house available for inspection
  • To make the purchaser aware that he/she is responsible for correcting any code violations that may exist

Complaints About Construction, With or Without Permit

If you have complaints or concerns about construction you may wish to call 311 or 240-777-0311 if outside Montgomery County) or submit a complaint on line. Please provide the address of the property and as many details as possible about your concern.

Application Package
Residential Building Permit Application ApplicationForResidentialBuildingPermit
Roadside Tree Law AffidavitForResidentialCommercialBuildingPermit
Electrical Permit Application ApplicationForElectricalPermit
Mechanical Permit Application ApplicationForMechanicalPermit
Sediment Control Permit Application ApplicationForSedimentControlPermit
Application for Use and Occupancy Certificate ApplicationForUseAndOccupancyCertificate
Waiver of Final Inspection FinalInspectionWaiver
Fees and Taxes
Credit Card Authorization Form Credit Card Authorization Form
Bonds
Codes, Standards, Executive Regulations
Final Inspections for Expired Residential Permits BCP11-10
Guidelines, Memorandum of Understandings, Interpretations
Changes to the Residential Special Inspections Program Changes to the Residential Special Inspections Program
Title Link of the document
Inspection Requirements
Requirements of Building Permit Notice Building Permit Notice
Notice of Required Residential Building Inspections Notice of Required Residential Building Inspections
Residential Inspections Timing Checklist Residential Inspection Timing Checklist
Third Party Inspection Certifications Residential Special Inspection Report Certification
Certification for Refrigerant, Hydronic and Fuel Oil Piping Mechanical Inspection Certification
Certification for LP Gas Installations Mechanical Inspection Certification for LP Gas Systems
Frequently Asked Questions
311 Web Portal: Enter key word "Demolition" http://www3.montgomerycountymd.gov/311
Online Permitting Status Information and Inspections
DPS Data Search DPS Online Data Search
Title Link of the document
Call for More Information
In Montgomery County 311
Outside of Montgomery County 240-777-0311
Other Agencies to Contact
Other Agencies and Utilities to Contact Allegheny Power
  American Institute of Architects (AIA)
  American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
  American Society of Heating, Refrigerating & Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)
  Baltimore Gas & Electric Co. (BG&E)
  Board of Appeals
  Historical Society
  International Code Council (ICC)
  Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation
  Maryland Department of the Environment
  Maryland Division of State Documents
  Masonry Institute of America (MIA)
 BEFORE YOU DO ANY DIGGING!!! Miss Utility
  National Glass Association (NGA)
  MNCPPC: Historic Area Work Permits
  MNCPPC: MC Atlas
  MNCPPC: Zoning
  National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
  Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO)
  Recycling
  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
  Verizon
  Washington Gas Light Co.
  WSSC